7 Top Reading Comprehension Strategies: An Introduction

The Institute for Educational Services (IES) has an amazing website, with lots of research-based resources and white papers. One excellent resource, is the practice guide, Improving Reading Comprehension in Kindergarten Through 3rd Grade. Among its great recommendations are teaching students Reading Comprehension strategies. They include:

  1. Activating Prior Knowledge (or Making Connections to the Text)
  2. Predicting
  3. Visualizing
  4. Questioning
  5. Making Inferences
  6. Monitoring/Fixing Up
  7. Retelling or Summarizing

It is stressed in the article that these are not meant to be isolated skills, and along with modeling and doing “think alouds” for each strategy, using and applying multiple strategies should be encouraged as well.  Not all texts are great for focusing on each technique, so plan ahead and pick texts that really lend themselves to the diverse strategies listed.  Coming up, I’ll give my favorite resources on how to use technology for each of these skills.

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