Stop #summerslide: Reading Comprehension (Elementary Edition)

As with reading fluency, many of my students who have difficulty with reading comprehension need explicit active reading instruction from a professional, but for all of the other days of summer, I encourage students to read, read, read (with a few stipulations, of course…)

Reading Comprehension Tips (Elementary Edition)

General Tips/Thoughtsgirl reading

  • Silent reading without reflection, conversation, or demonstrable application of active reading comprehension strategies does not help students who have difficulty with reading comprehension
  • Some students have difficulty with focusing on details, with others have more difficulty with the “gist;” similarly, some students have difficulty with literal questions (answering questions that are answered in the text), while others have more trouble with inferential questions (answers you have to infer or guess). Focus on the skills that are most difficult for your child, while also celebrating their strengths
  • use an active reading bookmark to remind them to ask questions, visualize, make predictions, make inferences, make connections, form opinions, and summarize (see example on the right; you can download the Active Reading Bookmark here)Screen Shot 2015-06-08 at 5.05.07 PM
  • use post-its to ask and answer questions (ask questions at the end of a chapter – 1 can be a question you can already anScreen Shot 2015-06-08 at 5.05.00 PMswer, but 2 should be genuine questions to guide your reading). To the left is an example from the first chapter of Hoot.

Technology Tips

Support for these Active Reading Comprehension strategies can be found at the Institute of Education Sciences’ report on reading comprehension.


Download the Stop #summerslide: Reading Comprehension (Elementary Edition) handout and supporting documents here.

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